"Play ball with me!"
Joe found another dog to play with.
Angel watched from a distance.
She could not understand why Joe wouldn't play ball with her.
But Joe just dug a
and sat in it.
Angel put her plan right into action!
She knew Joe liked to run so she started running quickly down the beach.
Sure enough, Joe ran after her.
For further reading:
Bengtsson, H. & Johnson, L. (1992). Perspective taking, empathy, and prosocial behavior in late childhood. Child Study Journal, 22(1), 11-21.
Feffer, M. H., & Gourevitch, V. (1960). Cognitive aspects of role-taking in children. Journal of Personality, 28(4), 383-396.
Selman, R. L. (1971). Taking another’s perspective: Role-taking development in early childhood. Child Development, 42(6), 1721-1734.
Selman, R. L. (1971). The relation of role taking to the development of moral judgment in children. Child Development, 42(1), 79-91.
Special Thanks to Gabrielle Schlichtmann for her help in conceptualizing this story and providing relevant background research.
Thank you to the Bookbuilder team for feedback and encouragement on this story!