Jake Likes to Play Games
boy at table with board game
By Yvonne Domings

the coaches: Miss Shelley, Bot and Molly

The coaches on the bottom of
each page help you understand the story.

Click on the coaches to find out how they can help you.

two boys playing a board game
Jake likes to play
games with his friend.

happy Jake
Jake feels happy when he
wins the game

angry face (Jake)
Jake feels angry when he
doesn't win the game.

angry boy at a table with a game. Sad boy standing.
It is not fun to play with an angry friend.
When Jake is angry, Jake's friend
does not want to play with him.

sad face (Jake)
Playing games alone isn't fun.
Jake wants his friend to play.

boy thinking
Jake tries to think of a
way to be friendly.

boy thinking about smiling
Smiling is friendly.

one happy face and one face trying to smile
Jake can try to smile even
when he feels a little angry.

boy thinking about saying "Congratulations"
Saying "Congratulations"
is friendly too!

boy with a little smile and boy saying "Congratulations."
Jake tells his friend

two happy faces
Jake is right!
Jake's friend wants to play
with him when he is friendly.

two friends at a table playing a board game


Jake and his friend have
fun playing games together.


Autism and Theory of Mind:

Baron-Cohen, S., Leslie, A.M., Frith, U. (1985) Does the autistic child have a 'theory of mind'? Cognition, 21, 37-46.

Harris, Paul L. 2005. Conversation, pretence, and  theory of mind. In: Astington, J. W. and  Baird,  J.  (eds.): Why language matters  for  theory  of mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Family Talk and Emotion Understanding:

Chen, D., Smith, C. & Harris, P. (2009). What is missing in the "happy victimizer"?  -- The effect of cognitive cuing.  SRCD: Denver.

Brown, J., & Dunn, J. (1996). Continuities in emotion understanding from three to six years. In Child Development, 67, 789-802.

Dunn,  J.,  Bretherton,  I.,  and  Munn, P. (1987).  Conversations  about  feeling states  between  mothers  and  their  young  children. In Developmental  Psychology, 23(1), 132-139.

Dunn, J., Brown, J. & Beardsall, L. (1991). Family talk about feeling states and children's later understanding of others' emotions. In Developmental Psychology, 27. pp. 448-455.

Dunn,  J.,  Brown,  J.  R.  and  Beardsall, L. (1991).  Family  talk  about  feeling states  and  children’s  later  understanding  of  other’s  emotions. In Developmental Psychology, 27(3), 448-455.

Fivush, R., & Vesudeva, A. (2002). Remembering to relate: Socioemotional correlates of mother-child reminiscing. Journal of Cognition and Development, 3, 73-90.

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Lagattuta, Kristin H.  and Henry M. Wellman.  2002. Differences  in  early  parent-child conversations  about  negative  versus  positive  emotions:  Implications  for  the development  of  psychological  understanding.  Developmental  Psychology,  38(4), 564-580.

Smith, C., Chen, D. & Harris, P. (unpublished) "When the Happy Victimizer Says Sorry: Children's Understanding of Apology
and Emotion" (submitted to the British Journal of Developmental Psychology).

Social Stories

Gray, C. (2004). Social Stories 10.0: The New Defining Criteria and Guidelines. In Jenison Autism Journal. Jenison Public Schools: Jenison, Michigan.