The Impact of World War II on American History

  • Timeline of Major Events

  • Key Terms

  • Major Players (Individuals)

  • Major Players (Groups)

  • Causes/Effects/Outcomes

  • Religion During WWII

  • Economy in World War II

  • Impact on Society

  • World War II Politics

  • Arts and Intellectual Movement

  • Conclusions



The major events of the war are seen in a time line format.

Key Terms:

  • Nazis
  • Scapegoat
  • U-Boat
  • Good Neighbor Policy
  • D-Day
  • Lend-Lease Act


  • Operation Overload
  • Kamikazi
  • Nuremberg Trials
  • Potsdam Declaration
  • A-Bomb
  • and More!

Major Players (Individuals)

  • Neville Chamberlain
  • Adolph Hitler
  • Winston Churchill
  • James Dolittle
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Hirohito
  • Yamamoto Isoroku
  • Curtis LeMay
  • Benito Mussolini
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Joseph Stalin
  • Harry S. Truman
  • and More...

Major Players (Groups)

Axis Powers

  • Nazi Germany
  • Japan
  • Italy

Allied Powers

  • England
  • United States
  • France
  • Italy
  • Russia
  • Others



Major Causes of the War

  • Hitler invaded Poland
  • Japan took over Manchuria
  • Japan attacked the U. S. at Pearl Harbour
  • Germany invaded the U.S.S.R.

Effects of the War

  • Major loss of life
  • Major destruction in Europe and Japan
  • Great Depression ended
  • Women in the workforce
  • Iron Curtain
  • Nuclear Arms Race
  • Red Scare

Religion in the War

Hitler attempted to wipe out all the Jews by killing them, imprisoning them, and experimenting on them. This was called the Holocaust.

Effects on the Economy

WWII forced women into the workplace, ended the Great Depression and bankrupted Germany.  What other effects did it have on the economy? After the war, money was in surplus and people spent money.  The American Dollar was powerful throughout the world.

Effects on Society

War time posters lead to patriotism.  Women went to work and became spenders.  New inventions; minorities in sports, music and drama; fashion improvements.  What other effects did the war have on society? Civil rights for women and minorities became an issue.

Effects on Politics

After World War II, the Arms Race began.  America was no longer isolationist, but a super power. 

During the war, the U. S. built internment camps for the Japanese as our fear spread. 

The "Red Scare" began and so did the hunt for communists.


Arts and the Intellectual Movement

  • Jazz
  • Western Swing
  • Bebop
  • Blues


  • American Urban Art
  • Abstract Expressionism
  • Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care
  • UFO's and Sightings began


World War II drew America into a whirlwind of activity and new ideas. Art, music and intellectual ideas changed.   Society, politics, economy and even our culture changed...and it was a permanent change.

Unfortunately, these changes were at the expense of many lives.