Unit 1, 2, & 4 Webmastering Vocabulary


By: Brittani Francois



Backbone

A large transmission line that a packet travels to after it goes from one network to another.



Checksum

A number that allows the receiving end of the packet to determine if any errors occurred in the transmission of the data.



Computer Network

When two or more computers are connected together in a way that allows them to communicate with each other, also known as a network.



Domain Name System

A system that groups many computers on the Internet into domains such as “.com”, “.net”, and “.gov”.



Header

A collection of information about the IP packet attached to the IP packet.



Internet

A collection of computer networks that communicate with each other using a common set of rules.



Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)

A nonprofit corporation that coordinates the assignment of Internet addresses and domain names.



Internet Protocol (IP)

Defines how data is routed over the Internet.



Internet Society (ISO)

A nonprofit group that is the central organization for the groups that are responsible for the standards for Internet infrastructure.



IP Address

An Internet address that is recognized by the Internet Protocol.



IP Packet

A fairly small packet that is created by TCP when it is broken up into data.



Local Area Network (LAN)

A network that an IP packet uses when it is ready to travel.



Name Server

Looks up the IP address of the domain name and transparently direct the e-mail or Web browser to the appropriate IP address.



Packet

Small pieces of data that is sent through a network.



Packet-switched network

A network used when data is sent in small pieces.



Protocol

A common set of rules that computer networks use to communicate with each other.



Router

Devices that examine and decide the path that each packet should travel.



TransmissionControl Protocol (TCP)

Defines how data is broken down into packets at the sending end and reassembled at the receiving end.



World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)

The organization that develops standards for the World Wide Web.



Client-server operation

An operation in which the work is divided between the server and the user’s computer.

 



Client-side operation

An operation that occurs on the user’s computer.


Cluster

A group of computers serving a Web site or performing some other task.


HTML

The set of codes that allow text to be formatted for display on a Web page.


Plug-in

Software that adds functionality to a Web browser.


Server-side operation

An operation that occurs on a server.


Streaming

Playing an audio or video file while it is downloading.


Telecommuting

Working from home using a computer to do your work and collaborate with others.


Web browser

An application that allows a computer user to browse Web sites.


Web server

A computer that serves up Web pages and related files to Internet users.


Common tab

Commonly used objects such as graphics, tables, and hyperlinks.



Layout tab

Allows you to view tables in either Standard view or Layout view. In Layout view, you can draw layout cells and layout tables.



Text tab

Allows you to insert text and paragraph formatting tags.



Tables tab

Allows you to insert table-related tags.



Frames tab

Commonly used objects for creating frameset layouts.



Forms tab

Commonly used objects for creating forms and inserting form elements.



Templates tab

Allows you to save a document as a template file and to insert various kinds of regions into a template file.


Characters tab

Commonly used special characters.



Media tab

Contains buttons for inserting special configurable objects such as plug-ins and applets.


Head tab

Elements commonly inserted into the head section of a document (such as meta tags).


Script tab

Allows you to insert scripting-related elements into a page.



Application tab

Allows you to add server behaviors to a page.


Images cateogry

View a list and preview images across the site.


Colors category

View a list and preivew colors used across the site.


URLs category

View a list of URLs used across the site.


Flash category

View a list of Flash movies used across the site.


Shockwave category

View a list of Shockwave movies used across the site.


Movies category

View a list of movies in various formats used across the site.


Scripts category

View a list of various scripts used across the site.


Templates category

View a list of templates that have been built for the site.


Library category

View the library for the Web site.



.MOV

QuickTime audio file format.



.MPG, .MP3

Alllows you to compress your audio data with a 12:1 ratio. Gives you CD audio quality.



.RAM, .RA

A streaming audio/video file format for the Web.



.WAV

The standard format for Windows.


.AU

Audio. Sun Audio format used primarily on UNIX machines.



.AIF

The standard format for Macintosh.



.MID, .MIDI

Musical Instrument Digital Interface. Electronic music format.



.AIFF

Audio Interchange File Format. Used primarily for the Macintosh.


Up Image

The initial position of the button when the user clicks it.



Bit

The smallest unit of information that a computer understands.



Color wheel

An ordered progression of hues (or colors) that helps a designer easily understand and select color combinations.



Complementary colors

Colors that are opposite from each other on the color wheel.



Cool colors

Colors that contain blue.



Primary hues

Red, green, and blue.



Secondary hues

Cyan, magenta, and yellow.



Shade

Adding black to a hue and darkening it.



Split-complementary colors

Colors that form a triad on the color wheel.



Tertiary colors

Red-yellow (orange), green-yellow, green-cyan, blue-cyan, blue-magenta (violet), and red-magenta.



Tint

Adding white to a hue and lightening it.



Triad colors

Three colors on the color wheel that have an equal amount of distance between each one.



Typography

The act or art of expressing by utilizing types or symbols.



Value

The lightness or darkness of a hue.



Warm colors

Colors that contain red.



Web safe colors

Colors that are consistent on computer monitors.



Passive white space

Blank areas on a Web page that are a result of incomplete or mismatched shapes.



Proximity

How close one element is to another on a Web page.



Consistency

Having uniformity from page to page on a Web site.



Grid

Conceptual design tool that divides a page into rows and columns for Web page layout purposes.



Repetition

The process of repeating elements throughtout a Web page.



Clip art

Ready-made art that is available to use without having to edit it in any graphics applications.



Compression

Reduce the file size by compressing the information in the file.



File format

The arrangement in which data is saved in order to display it in a certain way.



GIF

File format used for images; also known as Graphic Interchange Format.



Icon

Small symbolic graphic.



Index color

The colors that are available in a GIF file.



JPEG

File format used for images; also known as Joint Photographic Experts Group.



Raster

An image that is made up of pixels.



Vector

Uses coordinates to define the shape of a grpahic based on a mathematical formula.



Print-based layout method

Web page design where users' eyes move across the page from left to right.



Content

Body of information contained on a Web page.



Navigation

Helps a user easily and quickly find information in a site.



Placement

The laying out of a Web page based on areas of importance.



Screen-based layout method

Web page design where a user scans the content of a page in a sweeping motion.